AskDefine | Define propene

Dictionary Definition

propene n : a flammable gas obtained by cracking petroleum; used in organic synthesis [syn: propylene]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. The official IUPAC name for the organic chemical compound propylene. An alkene which is a colorless gaseous (at room temperature and pressure) hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C3H6.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

organic compound of the formula C3H6
  • Greek: προπένιο

Extensive Definition

Propene, also known as propylene, is an unsaturated hydrocarbon having the chemical formula C3H6. It is the second simplest member of the alkene class of hydrocarbons, ethylene (ethene) being the simplest.
Propene is a colourless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. It is also odourless, so (as with most other gaseous hydrocarbons) it is mixed with minute quantites of mercaptans, sulfurous compounds with a powerful garlic smell to make it more easily detectable. It is found in coal gas and can be synthesized by cracking petroleum or by the dehydrogenation of propane. Propene is a major commodity in the petrochemicals industry, where its main use is as a monomer in production of polypropylene. It is also an intermediate in the production of various chemicals including acetone, isopropanol, acrylonitrile, and propylene oxide. Propene is also used as a fuel gas for various industrial processes. It has a similar calorific value to propane, but a lower mass of combustion products, so it has a higher flame temperature. Propylene also has significantly higher vapour pressure than propane at room temperature.

References

propene in Arabic: بروبيلين
propene in Catalan: Propè
propene in Czech: Propen
propene in German: Propen
propene in Modern Greek (1453-): Προπένιο
propene in Spanish: Propeno
propene in Esperanto: Propileno
propene in French: Propylène
propene in Korean: 프로펜
propene in Italian: Propene
propene in Latin: Propenum
propene in Latvian: Propēns
propene in Lithuanian: Propilenas
propene in Dutch: Propeen
propene in Japanese: プロピレン
propene in Norwegian: Propen
propene in Polish: Propen
propene in Portuguese: Propileno
propene in Russian: Пропилен
propene in Serbian: Пропен
propene in Serbo-Croatian: Propen
propene in Finnish: Propeeni
propene in Swedish: Propen
propene in Chinese: 丙烯
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